How to Structure an Essay

How to Structure an Essay

How to Structure an Essay

One of the most important aspects of an Essay is the structure. It is important that your ideas are presented in a concise and thoughtful manner. An organized structure will allow your content to become more relevant to your thesis question. The best way to plan a structure is by first completing a first draft. A draft allows you to list all your ideas that are relevant to your argument. It is important to think about suitable evidence that will be used in your essay as well as a formal structure that complements the arguments. Once you have completed an initial draft, you can start thinking about how to properly structure your essay.


Although essay’s are very different depending on the subject, there is still a basic structure that should be followed as a guide.


Every essay needs an introduction. However it is important to keep your introduction concise and to the point. You can briefly state your argument, however you should not expand on any points. It should be clear to your reader what your topic is about and the stance you will be taking. An introduction should start with a sentence that allows your reader to become familiar with the topic you are writing about. It should then move on to a clear thesis sentence that addresses a specific point in regards to the topic. You can also mention some of the main ideas you will discuss but be sure to keep this very brief.


The majority of your essay with be contained in the body. This is where you will write paragraphs that address your thesis statement. It is important to provide links between your paragraphs, rather than drastically shifting from one argument to another. A helpful tip is to keep a good flow throughout your body by connecting the last sentence of the previous paragraph and the first sentence of the next paragraph. The paragraphs in your body must highlight your knowledge of the topic and have relevant evidence. As a guide you should ensure that every point you establish is backed up a suitable piece of evidence. You should keep quotes short and concise and provide a good exposition of them and how they relate to your argument. Your paragraphs should all contain a relevant topic sentence, and a in-depth analysis of the evidence and your argument. You can use arguments that go against your thesis, but be sure to explain why you believe they are incorrect.


The conclusion should provide a satisfying end to your essay. In the conclusion you should either restate your thesis or re-summarise the main ideas you have discussed. The conclusion is not the place to make any new points, it is a place to adequately summarise the points that you have already made.


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